Endowed with high qualities of mind and spirit, Claude consistently measured up to high standards. Recognized as a leader in surgery both nationally and internationally, he represented the highest standards and ideals of the consummate surgical academician: excellent teacher, superb surgeon, and accomplished clinical researcher. As editor of the ARCHIVES, he elevated it to a position where it was considered by many colleagues to be first among equals of the surgical journals. In his scholarly presentations before various groups, he always emphasized the role of primacy for the patient, stating that we must continue to train safe, competent surgeons to render the best patient care. He was coauthor of A Century of Black Surgeons: The USA Experience, acknowledged as the authoritative work about the role of African American surgeons in all specialties.