The treatment and repair of fractures form one of the most important and fascinating fields of surgery. It is probable that the earliest surgery had to do with fractures, for the weapons employed (clubs, slings, etc.) frequently caused them. The early Egyptians treated fractures successfully, and some of the splints employed by them would do credit to a surgeon of the present day. Apparently, the open operation was even employed by the ancients. The Incas of Peru developed a technic which gave some remarkable results.
Asepsis made possible an extensive employment of the open operation, and its use was stimulated by the introduction of the roentgen ray, which enabled the patient to see the position of the fragments, thus causing him to be dissatisfied with an imperfect anatomic result, although the function might be good. The desire of the patient for a perfect anatomic result has caused an extensive use