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Arch Surg. 1925;11(4):519-528. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1925.01120160032002.
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It has long been recognized that Meckel's diverticulum has been the exciting factor in a wide range of abdominal pathologic conditions. Priority must be given to Littre,1 who, in 1770, reported a case in which the diverticulum was the sole occupant of a hernial sac, and thus gave his name to this type of hernia. Ruysh2 called attention to it, in 1701, in his "Thesaurus Anatomicus," and gave it the name of diverticulum and presented an illustration. Johann Friederich Meckel3 was the first to describe in full this vestigial organ, and advanced the theory that it originated in the remains of the omphalomesenteric duct. Indeed, Fitz,4 in 1884, said: "We owe to this author (Meckel) not only the universal acceptance of his theory of origin of the pouch in question, but also are indebted to him for calling conspicuous attention to its importance in the causation


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