—Miyata and Kajikawa1 have made forty-four urethrograms in thirty-two cases of normal and pathologic urethras. In some cases material was injected into the bladder and a urethrogram obtained during micturition, and in the others the urethrogram was made during injection of the urethra. They used 40 per cent iodized oil, from 5 to 15 per cent sodium bromide, from 5 to 15 per cent sodium iodide, from 5 to 10 per cent calcium bromide and from 5 to 10 per cent calcium iodide. The 40 per cent iodized oil was found to be satisfactory. The complications in certain cases were intense pain and hematuria, sometimes for two days following injection. The oil, however, did not cause symptoms. Twenty urethrograms are shown and compared to normal cases.
Berry2 reported 165 consecutive cases of epidural (caudal) anesthesia in perineal operations on the prostate and seminal tract. The