According to the literature, Oddi1 was probably the first to perform cholecystogastrostomy experimentally in an attempt to discover the effect of bile on gastric acidity. He concluded that bile did not diminish the power of the gastric juice or cause disturbances. Dastre,2 Cannac3 and Masse4 performed similar experiments and arrived at the same conclusions. Mocquot,5 Wiedemann6 and Grey7 performed cholecystogastrostomy on dogs and studied the effect of bile on gastric digestion. Grey also studied the acidity of the gastric juice before and after this operation. They all concluded that bile did not affect gastric digestion in any way, and Grey found that it did not affect the acidity. Gatewood and Poppens,8 Lehman,9 Marinelli10 and Horsley11 performed cholecystogastrostomy on dogs, and studied its effect on the biliary tract and liver. They concluded that the biliary tract always became infected following this operation.
It is apparent from the literature that the use