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A REVIEW OF UROLOGIC SURGERY

ALBERT J. SCHOLL, M.D.; E. STARR JUDD, M.D.; LINWOOD D. KEYSER, M.D.; JEAN VERBRUGGE, M.D.; ADOLPH A. KUTZMANN, M.D.; ALEXANDER B. HEPLER, M.D.; ROBERT GUTIERREZ, M.D.
Arch Surg. 1932;25(5):991-1010. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1932.01160230174012.
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KIDNEY 

Anomalies.  —Papin, Bernasconi and Bernard1 reviewed the 27 cases of true supernumerary kidney reported in the literature. The relative frequency of the malformation could not be discovered, but it must be extremely rare. The supernumerary organ was on the right side in 12 cases, on the left in 14 cases and in the middle in 1 case. Nine occurred in females; 16 in males; in 2 cases the sex was not noted.In some cases the kidney was only subjacent; in others, it was located at the iliac artery or the psoas muscle. The form was seldom indicated; in 1 case it was lobulated; in another, bean-shaped with convex anterior aspect. In the case of Bernasconi and Bernard the lower kidney was of normal shape, and the upper, supernumerary organ was concave on its lower surface, which fitted the rounded top of the lower kidney, the latter being

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