Arch Surg. 1935;30(2):236-242. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1935.01180080060004.
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The early literature rarely mentions congenital absence of the penis. The condition is extremely unusual. We have been able to collect only seven genuine cases in a review of the literature after 1700, although there are many examples of pseudohermaphrodism, rudimentary penis, concealment of the penis behind an abnormal duplicature of skin, hypospadia and similar abnormalities.

Saviard's report in 1702, describing "a child without a penis," is interesting:

The court surgeon at Sens wrote me during the month of January 1701, that a woman of the parish of Saint Pierre le Rond in that city had been delivered a short time previously of a child who had no penis, but instead only a small, slightly flattened eminence similar to the rump of a hen—above and alongside of which there was some fungous flesh the size of a silver crown, and a finger-width thick, round and elevated; and that the umbilicus


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