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FIFTY-SEVENTH REPORT OF PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY

JOHN G. KUHNS, M.D.; EDWIN F. CAVE, M.D.; SUMNER M. ROBERTS, M.D.; JOSEPH S. BARR, M.D.; ROBERT J. JOPLIN, M.D.; JOSEPH A. FREIBERG, M.D.; JOSEPH E. MILGRAM, M.D.; ROBERT I. STIRLING, F.R.C.S. (Edin.)
Arch Surg. 1935;31(1):151-174. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1935.01180130154009.
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CONGENITAL DEFORMITIES 

Congenital Dislocation of the Hip.  —In a detailed statistical study of 387 cases of congenital dislocation of the hip, representing 501 dislocated hips treated during the period of 1915 to 1933, Steindler and his co-workers1 reported the results of both closed and open methods of reduction. They concluded that the results of the closed method were not as conclusively satisfactory as those reported by other authors and that the results became definitely worse with duration of the period of observation. They expressed the belief that in order to be accurate, the end-results should be regarded as significant only after full growth has been obtained. The authors used open reduction as a supplementary method and therefore did not attempt to compare the results obtained by open with those obtained by closed reduction. They considered the indications for open reduction to be the inability to reduce or to maintain

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