Although false arterial aneurysm due to arterial injury is the most common type of aneurysm of the hand, great interest is aroused in the arteriovenous fistula, which may be either of congenital or of traumatic origin.
Broca, in his work on aneurysms and their treatment, published in 1856, stated that Sennert had been given credit for describing arteriovenous aneurysm but that actually he described only some of the symptoms due to the condition. However, in that detail he was antedated by Antyllus. Hunter1 presented the first known case and described arteriovenous communication in 1757, before the Medical Society of London. In his case the basilic vein communicated with the humeral artery. In March 1761 Delacoumbe,2 in France, dissected a spontaneously developing aneurysm of the femoral artery and was surprised to find a vascular connection with the crural vein. This observation of a dissection of an arteriovenous aneurysm was