0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

ROENTGEN IRRADIATION OF THE OVARIES AS SUPPLEMENT TO SURGICAL AND RADIUM THERAPY FOR MAMMARY CANCER

J. THORNWELL WITHERSPOON, M.A. (Oxon.), M.D.
Arch Surg. 1936;33(4):554-559. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1936.01190040012002.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

The relationship between ovarian secretion and the growth and development of the breasts has been observed clinically for many years. With increasing knowledge of ovarian function, especially along hormonal lines, evidence is being accumulated to suggest the dependency of mammary activity on ovarian and anterior pituitary hormones. The former cause development of the breasts at puberty and their rhythmic changes associated with the menstrual cycle. The latter, when pregnancy intervenes with its preparation of the breasts for lactation, induce the secretion of milk. Because the ovarian hormones, especially the estrogenic principle, are growth-promoting factors in normal mammary development and because cancer is essentially an unrestricted growth, it is not illogical to deduce that in pathologic conditions of the breast, such as carcinoma, these hormones may stimulate malignant as well as mammary growth. The hypothesis advanced in this paper, therefore, is that in patients with cancer of the breast, whether it

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();