Progressive postoperative gangrene of the skin is a rare disease which has been recognized as a clinical entity within comparatively recent times. Surgeons are indebted to Meleney for defining its characteristics and bacteriologic aspects. In Great Britain, Stewart-Wallace summed up the subject in 1935. Since publication of his paper, in which he recorded 37 cases collected in the period from 1908 to 1935, the condition has been reported about 40 times. It is still uncommon, for few surgeons have observed cases personally, and it is doubtful whether it is widely known, although it is now described in some textbooks (Dodd; Rose and Carless).
This paper reports the cases of 2 patients under the care of one of us (J. W. H.). Strangely enough, these patients were treated coincidentally and were the first ones with this condition seen in an active surgical experience of thirty years. A new feature in the