Arch Surg. 1943;46(5):619-634. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1943.01220110035010.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


This article has for its purpose the recording of (1) points concerning the treatment of spinal injuries on which general agreement has been reached, (2) points on which there still exists considerable divergence of opinion and (3) a number of new aspects which may be considered addenda to the general subject of spinal injuries.

The treatment of fractures and fracture-dislocations of the spinal column from remote antiquity to the present day divides itself naturally into four periods. Historical data revealed by the findings of Dr. George Bennett show throughout periods covering millenniums many an attempt at immediate reduction, some of which apparently were completely successful. All such attempts, however, were done blindly, and photographic proof obviously is completely lacking. Professor Roentgen's discovery in 1896 provided the only exact criterion for diagnosis and perfection of result. The orthopedic surgeon had been treating tuberculosis of the centrum for ages, and many had


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.