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A REVIEW OF UROLOGIC SURGERY

ALBERT J. SCHOLL, M.D.; FRANK HINMAN, M.D.; ALEXANDER von LICHTENBERG, M.D.; ALEXANDER B. HEPLER, M.D.; ROBERT GUTIERREZ, M.D.; GERSHOM J. THOMPSON, MC; EDWARD N. COOK, M.D.; EGON WILDBOLZ, M.D.; VINCENT J. O'CONOR, M.D.
Arch Surg. 1944;49(5):337-347. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1944.01230020346006.
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KIDNEY 

Anomalies.  —Lowsley and Menning1 report a case of pelvic single kidney, which brings the total number of reported cases of this anomaly to 36. In 13 of the 35 cases which have been reported previously, operation was performed on the kidney. Nephrectomy for supposed neoplasm was performed in 2 cases; obviously, death occurred in both cases. In another case in which operation was performed for tumor the kidney was punctured to obtain a specimen for biopsy and the patient died one week after the operation. Three patients were operated on for stone; 1 died five days after operation. One patient underwent nephrostomy for hydronephrosis. Thus, in 4 of the 13 cases the patients died after operation on the kidney. Most of the earlier deaths are attributable to failure of diagnosis, owing to lack of instrumental and roentgenographic facilities. The average age of the patients in this series of

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