PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1945 A Review Prepared by an Editorial Board of the Amercian Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons:  XIII. NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS EXCLUSIVE OF POLIOMYELITIS

Arch Surg. 1947;54(5):566-571. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1947.01230070575007.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

DURING 1945 there has been still greater increase in the amount of literature dealing with neuromuscular disorders, especially cerebral palsy. Literature in the field of neuromuscular disorders exclusive of poliomyelitis is apparently coming to deal more and more with study in distinguishing between the pyramidal and the extrapyramidal tracts. The material can be considered under the following headings: (1) cerebral palsy, (2) paralysis of other types, (3) muscle disorder, (4) muscular atrophy, dystrophy and syringomyelia and (5) traumatic conditions of the nerves.

A paper by Kennard and Welch386 of an experimental nature utilizing monkeys and chimpanzees, is of great importance with regard to distinguishing between different types of damage to the cortex and in differentiation between areas 4 and 6. Removal of area 6 is followed by spastic paresis, while removal of area 4 is followed by paresis without spasticity. Removal of the postcentral gyrus caused transient flaccidity. Also,


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.