DURING the past year, we have seen on the thoracic surgery service at Hines 10 cases of amebiasis. These came to our service only because their principal complaints or findings were referable to the chest. It is the purpose of this paper to call attention to the considerable amount of amebiasis now being seen and to point out that this amebiasis may appear in bizarre forms simulating common lesions of the chest. A survey of the literature of recent years has disclosed only a few scattered articles by authors in such endemic areas as India, Africa, Australia, and Brazil reporting single cases of pleuropulmonary amebiasis. In 1938 Keeton and Hood1 at the University of Illinois reported 5 cases collected by them over a three year period. In 1936 Ochsner and DeBakey2 reported a series of cases in New Orleans.
Of the 10 patients seen by us, 4 were