Experimental Chronic Pancreatitis

AMA Arch Surg. 1956;73(4):701-709. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1956.01280040157019.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Claude Bernard just 100 years ago began the scientific study of pancreatitis by injecting bile and olive oil into the duct.* Since then many able investigators have attacked the problem with a variety of methods and ideas, producing acute pancreatitis without difficulty. Since this paper deals primarily with the chronic phase of the disease, no attempt will be made to review the work on acute pancreatitis. Good discussions may be found in the publications of Opie, 19012; Archibald, 1919 †; Gage and Floyd, 19475; Doubilet and Mulholland, 19486; Floyd and Van Meter, 19517; and, more recently, Sensenig and Bowers8 and Whitrock, Hine, Crane, and McCorkle.9

Chronic pancreatitis, perhaps an even more baffling clinical problem, has not been consistently produced in experimental animals. In a careful review of the literature we were not able to find work directed toward a satisfactory method for creating chronic pancreatitis.


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.