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Original Article |

Medical Research: A Midcentury Survey

I. S. Ravdin
AMA Arch Surg. 1957;74(4):631-634. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1957.01280100149026.
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The Surgeon's Stake in Basic Research  The American Foundation's "Medical Research: A Midcentury Survey" develops, throughout what the London Lancet describes as "two fascinating volumes," the thesis that progress in clinical medicine depends upon continual basic research in laboratories of biology, chemistry, physics, and atomic energy. This message is addressed as directly to the surgeon as to the internist. The survey reflects a realization (which some of us have long been stressing) that the amazing development of modern surgery is due less to increasingly ingenious techniques and increased dexterity on the part of the surgeon than to surgery's increased concern with normal physiologic and metabolic mechanisms and derangement of these mechanisms under the assault of disease and of operative trauma.Not that the ingenious techniques are to be lightly rated; in cardiac and pulmonary surgery, for instance, ingenuity has gone very far in clearing the operative field by devising mechanical


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