In recent years many thoughtful surgeons have recorded their observations concerning the advances of surgery. Inevitably they have been concerned with the education of the surgeon, the expansion of the surgical specialist group, and the various organizations and groups which have influenced American surgery. The community surgeon is greatly interested in these accomplishments and problems, since he is a product of them.
It is at the community level that the mass of this country's surgery is performed. The efficacy of the residency system of surgical training faces reality here. The residency system, which was devised to create teachers of surgery, must now provide not only the occasional great teacher but practicing surgeons. These latter can best answer whether the residency system prepared them for the practice of community surgery. For example, did the training received equip the surgeon for the surgical problems encountered in his practice? Was the time spent