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Surgical Residency Training in the United States Navy

Robert B. Brown; Malcolm W. Arnold
AMA Arch Surg. 1957;75(2):250-252. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1957.01280140088014.
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World War II forcefully emphasized the imperative need for supplying expert surgical care for battle casualties as near the scenes of combat action and as soon after receipt of injuries as logistics and operational war conditions would permit. The Korean conflict merely served to add to the accentuation of and justification for this concept, with resultant refinements and advances in the techniques and speed of transporting battle casualties to surgical units where early definitive care could be provided for many, often within 20 to 30 minutes or an hour after they were wounded. As a consequence, considerable improvements were made over the outstanding records of World War II, when approximately 97% of all combat casualties reaching definitive surgical care stations survived. Additionally, the sharp reduction of morbidity, the early relief of human suffering, and the elevation of morale among thousands of the wounded were highly important factors not well reflected


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