We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Pseudomembranous Enterocolitis The Experimental Induction of the Disease with Staphylococcus Aureus and Its Enterotoxin

AMA Arch Surg. 1959;79(2):197-206. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1959.04320080033005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The objection to Staphylococcus var. aureus (Micrococcus pyogenes) as the etiologic agent of pseudomembranous enteritis stems from the observation that Staphylococcus has not been isolated in every case of the disease and from the assumption that the physical changes observed in the intestine are secondary to the associated shock. These objections are without foundation. S. aureus does not grow out on every culture medium. In a mixed flora it fails to grow out at all, unless the culture medium favors its growth and suppresses the competing micro-organism. Referring physicians have told me repeatedly that the stool cultures of their patients, desperately sick with pseudomembranous enterocolitis, did not grow out staphylococci. Upon culturing the stools of these patients on proper media the staphylococci grew out in dominant Proportions. The oral administration of staphylococci to monkeys, animals highly sensitive to the enterotoxin, does not make them sick and does not induce stools


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.