In Moscow, May 23d to 28th, was held the 27th All-Soviet Congress of Surgery. This most important surgical congress in the Soviet Union is held at indefinite intervals of from 1½ to 4 years, the last one having been held in December, 1958. To it come 1,500 Russian surgeons from all of the 15 republics of the Soviet Union and, indeed, it is deemed a privilege to attend. The representatives are selected by local institutes or societies as delegates to the meeting and when they return home they give reports of the papers given and the conclusions drawn. I was told that if the meeting were thrown open to all members of the medical profession, there would be over 50,000 doctors demanding admittance. There clearly is not an auditorium capable of seating a medical meeting of such proportions.
A special committee of the Minister of Health organized and managed the