Cystic lesions of the pancreas, regardless of type, are considered to occur infrequently. Few collected reviews of greater than 50 cases have been reported. In the adult population the pseudocyst is the most common lesion and has received the most attention. Its pathogenesis and treatment have aroused much discussion. Operative intervention, employing one technique or another, has become standard therapy. In general, great interest prevails in this problem.
In contrast, little attention has been paid to the pancreatic pseudocyst in the pediatric age group. The entity is not mentioned in two standard textbooks of pediatric surgery.1,2 This can be best explained by its apparent rarity, for up to 1960, only 11 cases had been reported.3
Our interest in this problem was stimulated recently when we undertook the care of a 6-year-old girl with a traumatic pseudocyst of the pancreas. This case is presented with a review of the