IN 1886 Salmon and Smith1 first isolated the microorganism which they believed to be the cause of hog cholera. Today the number of the known Salmonella species exceeds 700.2 All are pathogenic to humans, animals, or both. In spite of the improved hygienic conditions the frequency of Salmonella infections is increasing all over the world.3,4 Since we were unable to find any published cases of pleural empyema caused by S stanley, we report the following case and give a brief review of pleural empyema caused by Salmonella other than S typhi.
Report of Case
A 66-year-old woman was admitted with severe abdominal pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever of one day's duration. She had been well until the previous evening when she developed abdominal cramps. The pain increased and became localized to the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. The patient was a well-developed, well-nourished