Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Local Recurrence of Breast Cancer

Kenneth B. Deck, MD; William H. Kern, MD
Arch Surg. 1976;111(4):323-325. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1976.01360220019002.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Pathologic and surgical aspects of 1,027 breast cancer cases treated between 1961 and 1972 were reviewed. Sixty-eight (7%) of the cases recurred locally. This low rate of recurrence is associated with the small average diameter of 2.7 cm of all carcinomas and the correspondingly low rate of axillary lymph node metastasis of 40%. Subsequently recurring tumors had a higher incidence of axillary lymph node metastasis (68%).

Eight hundred eighty-eight infiltrating duct carcinomas represented the largest group of cases and had a recurrence rate of 5.7%. Comedo, infiltrating papillary, and infiltrating lobular carcinomas recurred locally more frequently, but none of 26 mucinous carcinomas recurred. In eight cases, the recurrent tumor was of a more malignant histologic type than the primary lesion.

The average width of the excised segments of skin decreased from 9.8 cm during the first three-year period (1961 to 1963) to 8.4 cm during the last period (1970 to 1972). The average width for the entire period was 9.1 cm, identical for locally recurring and nonrecurring tumors.

(Arch Surg 111:323-325, 1976)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.