• Fourteen patients undergoing surgery for aneurysm or occlusive disease of the abdominal aorta were studied. Thirteen patients had a history of hypertension or myocardial infarction; two patients had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tachycardia, hypertension, and elevated pulmonary artery occluded (PAo) pressure occurred in response to laryngoscopy and intubation in two patients; elevation of PAo pressure in response to aortic cross-clamping occurred in two other patients. In three of these four patients, electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial ischemia appeared. These events are important in a consideration of the occurrence of myocardial infarction in patients undergoing abdominal aortic surgery. Satisfactory treatment of myocardial ischemia has been accomplished with the use of propranolol hydrochloride and sodium nitroprusside.
(Arch Surg 111:740-743, 1976)