• Twelve patients with bilateral symptomatic lesions of internal carotid arteries have had bilateral carotid endarterectomy at single operations without complications. These were patients up to age 80 who had prior myocardial infarction, stroke with recovery, and hemispheric and nonhemispheric episodes. Neurologist's clearance and three- or four-vessel intracranial-extracranial angiography preceded all operations, which were performed with the patient under general anesthesia. Stump pressure measurements were the principal guideline of adequacy of collateral flow and predictor of safe outcome.
The safety of this concept of bilateral operations during one anesthesia can eliminate uncertainties of sequence and timing, obviate delay and indecision, and avoid the hazards of a second anesthetic-operative experience.
(Arch Surg 111:1304-1306, 1976)