The Atlas of Orthotics is a welcomed revision of the Orthopaedic Appliances Atlas, published in 1952. The earlier publication was a compendium of braces and components available at that time. Modern developments in bioengineering and biomaterials, along with advancing understanding of biomechanical deficits in patients with neurological and musculoskeletal diseases, led to a recognized need for a new atlas incorporating these new developments. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, recognizing this need, authorized revision of the Orthopaedic Appliances Atlas by its Committee on Prosthetics and Orthotics.
The modern science of orthotics has evolved from the earlier efforts of brace makers, who were by and large artisans skilled in working with leather and metal. Even at the time of the publication of the Orthopaedic Appliances Atlas, this artisan-type approach to bracing was evident. Braces tended to be applied for specific disease entities, for example, poliomyelitis braces and cerebral palsy braces. Atlas