We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Basic Principles in Managing Chronic Pain

John J. Bonica, MD
Arch Surg. 1977;112(6):783-788. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1977.01370060115017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Experience over the past 30 years suggests that treatment of patients with chronic pain is best achieved through a multidisciplinary team approach. The pain clinic at the University of Washington, started in 1961, has developed into a group of 20 health professionals representing 13 disciplines. Successful operation of such a heterogenous group depends on careful organization and a clear definition of responsibility. A patient is referred to a specific member, who becomes his manager, or to the clinic without specifying the physician, in which case a manager is assigned. The manager examines the patient, coordinates the evaluation by consultants, interprets the evaluation, and, if the diagnosis and therapy are clear-cut, refers the patient either back to his physician or to be cared for by the pain clinic group. Where the diagnosis or therapy or both are still doubtful, the patient's case is reviewed at the pain clinic weekly conference.

(Arch Surg 112:783-788, 1977)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.