These words are at long last being heeded. For many decades, novel surgical techniques for joint reconstruction were founded on an intuitive "feel" for the nature of the underlying pathomechanics. Too often, these clinical ventures met with great disappointment as the understanding of biological and mechanical principles proved either superficial and incomplete or 180° "out of phase." Basic research concerning the musculoskeletal system for many years lagged behind efforts in other disciplines. Indeed, concern for this fact led to the establishing of the Orthopedic Research Society in 1953. With this organization serving as the focus and stimulus, musculoskeletal research gradually increased, then expanded exponentially, and currently enjoys tremendous momentum. (The number of investigators and the volume of "orthopedic research" has increased 300% in the past five years alone.)
This greatly increased interest and effort in basic science, coupled with a fortuitous parallel growth in technology, led to the monumental "breakthough"