• Septic thrombosis of central veins is rarely diagnosed during life and nearly always proves fatal. We have recently successfully treated a patient with a 75% body surface burn in whom septic thrombosis of the inferior vena cava developed associated with high-grade candidemia as a complication of parenteral nutrition. Signs of venous thrombosis and candidemia persisted after catheter removal. Prompt and intensive therapy with amphotericin B, monitored by fungicidal assays of serum, resulted in cure. Generous hydration and directed supplementation of sodium bicarbonate permitted us to administer a large total dose of amphotericin over a relatively brief period of time with no nephrototoxic effect whatsoever. Septic central venous thrombosis mandates a pharmacologic approach to therapy similar to that used for infective endocarditis, with the addition of anticoagulation. Should sepsis prove refractory to this program of if pulmonary embolization occurs, operative intervention is indicated despite the high risks involved.
(Arch Surg 113:637-639, 1978)