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Failure of Carotid Stump Pressures Its Incidence as a Predictor for a Temporary Shunt During Carotid Endarterectomy

John J. Kelly, MD; Allan D. Callow, MD; Thomas F. O'Donnell, MD; Kevin McBride, MD; Bruce Ehrenberg, MD; Stephen Korwin, MD; Harold Welch; Ronald M. Gembarowicz, MD
Arch Surg. 1979;114(12):1361-1366. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1979.01370360015002.
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• total of 289 carotid endarterectomies were performed in 204 patients. A decision to place a temporary shunt during carotid endarterectomy in this series was made entirely on the basis of intraoperative EEG monitoring. Retrospectively, the correlation between stump pressures and the results of intraoperative EEG monitoring in each case was determined. Evidence of ischemia developed in 6% of the total series on intraoperative EEG monitoring despite a stump pressure of greater than 50 mm Hg. The degree of disagreement between stump pressure and EEG varied according to clinical category in this series. In those endarterectomies performed for completed stroke, all cases requiring shunting had stump pressures less than 50 mm Hg. In those cases performed for symptoms of vertebral basilar insufficiency, however, 77% of the cases requiring an intraoperative shunt had stump pressures greater than 50 mm Hg. A review of the complication rate in the various study groups indicates that the use of intraoperative EEG is a safe indicator of cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy regardless of stump pressure.

(Arch Surg 114:1361-1366, 1979)


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