• From 1970 to 1978, 39 patients underwent simultaneous aortic and renal artery reconstruction. Of these, 37 had severe single or bilateral renal lesions in combination with an aortic aneurysm, or symptomatic or asymptomatic aortoiliac disease. Two patients had renal arteries that originated from an abdominal arotic aneurysm. Thirty-two patients were hypertensive, one had chronic renal failure, and three others had asymptomatic renal lesions that were bypassed prophylactically. Operations performed included aortic replacement plus: single renal graft; bilateral renal grafts; renal graft plus contralateral nephrectomy; and renal graft plus mesenteric revascularization. All early postoperative deaths (four) occurred in patients with aneurysmal disease. Twenty-nine patients were available for long-term evaluation. In patients who were hypertensive preoperatively, 64.0% experienced long-term cure or improvement. Cardiac and cerebral disease, lower extremity claudication, and the need for subsequent cardiovascular surgery occurred with substantial frequency during the follow-up period.
(Arch Surg 115:1491-1497, 1980)