The Second Dimension

Arch Surg. 1981;116(1):11-13. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1981.01380130005001.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

As the art of surgery slowly develops into an applied clinical science, therapeutic decisions are increasingly made on the basis of numbers. Recently we summarized, in algorithmic form, data on which many surgical decisions are made.1 While assembling this data, it became evident that we were recording only one dimension of life, namely its length. Although this is obviously of importance, it alone is an incomplete scale for choosing among therapeutic options. Life has meaning (depth) as well as length; quality of life is its second dimension.

But how can a number value be assigned to the qualities of love, friendship, the appreciation of sound, color, touch, taste, physical excitement? There are those who, despite severe physical disabilities, live full and happy lives by any social, economic, philosophic, or emotional standards. Others are destroyed by a seemingly trivial handicap. One person may be perfectly content with a sedentary existence,


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.