• The idea that the longitudinal muscle of the muscularis externa of the colon is confined to the colonic teniae in the monkey and human is a common conceptual error. Forty-six colon specimens taken from human and nonhuman primates were reviewed histologically and the distribution and structure of the longitudinal muscle were evaluated. We found that the longitudinal muscle forms a complete coat around the colon although it is considerably thicker in the region of the teniae coli. In addition to its anatomic importance, this observation has implications for the physiology of colon muscle and for certain current hypotheses concerning the etiology of diverticulitis.
(Arch Surg 116:61-63, 1981)