• Balloon-catheter dilation of arterial stenoses and/or occlusions has been found to be helpful when used both as an adjunct to arterial surgery and as definitive treatment. Used preoperatively, it enables the extent of surgery to be limited and may improve the patient's general condition and ability to undergo surgery; such is seen when renal or mesenteric vessels are dilated preoperatively. During surgery, it can be used to augment the surgery, particularly in an area that is difficult to expose or out of the operative field. Postoperatively, it is often useful in maintaining patency of a graft or its inflow and outflow tract. Judicious use of this modality can enhance arterial surgery and improve results.
(Arch Surg 1981;116:809-812)