• The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of transduodenal papillostomy as a routine procedure in managing choledocholithiasis in treating common bile duct (CBD) stones. From 1973 to 1978, 117 patients underwent transduodenal papillostomy for CBD lithiasis. The operation was carried out in standard manner, and all patients had preoperative telecholangioscopy, cholangiography, and biliary manometry. The mean age of patients was 53.7 years, and women predominated in a ratio of 4.5:1.0. Papillostomy was performed together with cholecystectomy for CBD stones in 111 patients (group 1). In five patients, we had to perform a choledochotomy to remove the stones after an unsuccessful papillostomy (group 2). Eight patients who previously had cholecystectomies underwent papillostomy for retained or recurrent stones (group 3), and three patients had a choledochoduodenostomy for recurrent stones after a previous cholecystectomy and papillostomy (group 4). Complications included two deaths in group 1 (1.9%). No mortality was observed in groups 2 to 4. Moreover, the overall morbidity was due to six cases of wound infection, one case of postoperative bleeding, one case of phlebitis, and three cases of cholangitis. The mean length of hospital stay was 12.9 days, considering all the groups. Lack of confidence with this procedure may explain the different results reported in the literature for transduodenal papillostomy, which on the basis of this study has been shown to be a valid alternative to supraduodenal choledochotomy in treating CBD stones.
(Arch Surg 1982;117:875-878)