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Article |

New Concepts in the Use of Axillofemoral Bypass Grafts

Richard E. Ward, MD; James W. Holcroft, MD; Sebastian Conti, MD; F. William Blaisdell, MD
Arch Surg. 1983;118(5):573-576. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1983.01390050049009.
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• Over a four-year period, 52 patients underwent axillofemoral bypass operations. Indications for operation were divided into three groups: those that were performed emergently (aortoenteric fistula, graft infection, and leaking aortic aneurysm), those performed electively for aneurysm, and those for ischemia. Operative procedures were categorized as follows: axillofemoral bypass alone, axillofemorofemoral bypass with the proximal femorofemoral anastomosis being graft to graft, or axillofemorofemoral bypass with the femorofemoral anastomosis to either a transected proximal common femoral artery or superficial femoral artery distal to the axillofemoral anastomosis. Thirty-three percent of the unilateral axillofemoral grafts failed, while only 14% of the axillobifemoral grafts failed. There was a further difference between the two methods of femorofemoral grafting with 22% failure in the former group but no failures in the latter.

(Arch Surg 1983;118:573-576)


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