• We compared alterations In circulating levels of insulin and glucagon and metabolic fuels in response to partial (70%) hepatectomy (HP) and sham hepatectomy (SHP) in fasting rats and in unanesthetized, fasting control rats. Within 15 minutes, animals in the HP group were hypoglycemic compared with the SHP and control groups. After 30 minutes, the insulin concentration and the insulin-glucagon molar ratio (IGR) rose in the HP group. After four hours, animals in the HP group were hyperglycemic compared with the SHP and control animals. Comparison of the lipid and amino acid profiles suggested use of these substrates by eight hours. The levels of branched-chain amino acids, although depressed early after HP, were markedly elevated later, when the IGR in the HP group had normalized. The acute loss of hepatic mass by limiting gluconeogenesis may be the cause of hypoglycemia and also could alter the plasma IGR because of the different hepatic clearance rates of these hormones. A switch to lipid and protein as metabolic fuels appears to follow these early changes.
(Arch Surg 1984;119:437-441)