• During a ten-year period, 92 patients underwent an umbilical herniorrhaphy. Patients were divided into three groups: group 1, cirrhotic patients with ascites with functioning peritoneovenous shunts (n=15); group 2, cirrhotic patients with ascites with nonfunctioning or no peritoneovenous shunts (n = 24); and group 3, noncirrhotic patients (n = 53). The charts were analyzed for postoperative mortality and morbidity and recurrence of the umbilical hernia. Umbilical hernia in cirrhotic patients with uncontrolled ascites was associated with significant mortality (8.3%) and morbidity (16.6%) and a significantly greater incidence of recurrence (16.6%). Umbilical herniorrhaphy in patients with functioning peritoneovenous shunts was associated with minimal morbidity (7%). These data suggest that cirrhotic patients with ascites who require an umbilical herniorrhaphy preferably should undergo peritoneovenous shunting before repair of the hernia.
(Arch Surg 1984;119:442-445)