• Forty-five patients had operative disconnections of portoazygos venous collaterals for variceal hemorrhage. Nineteen alcoholic patients had urgent partial azygos disconnection (PAD) to control bleeding; this involved intragastric variceal and coronary and distal gastric-vein ligation. A complete azygos disconnection (CAD), which also included splenectomy, was done urgently in 14 patients and electively in 12 patients; 15 were alcoholics. All patients were assessed for operative risk by a modified Child's classification. Hospital mortality after urgent PAD or CAD in alcoholics was 67%, largely due to intraperitoneal sepsis or hepatorenal failure with recurrent hemorrhage. Operative modified Child's classification of survivors was better (lower) than in nonsurvivors. Eleven nonalcoholic patients had CAD; two died of intraperitoneal sepsis. Nine survivors did not rebleed nor have encephalopathy develop during an average follow-up of 41 months. Complete azygos disconnection was a good alternative, particularly in the elective setting, for patients with nonalcoholic portal hypertension.
(Arch Surg 1984;119:446-449)