0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Cardiorespiratory Effects of Pneumatic Trousers in Critically Ill Patients

Edward Abraham, MD; Juan C. Cobo, MD; Richard D. Bland, MD; William C. Shoemaker, MD
Arch Surg. 1984;119(8):912-916. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1984.01390200032008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Although pneumatic antishock trousers (PT) are widely used in prehospital and emergency care, little is known about their cardiorespiratory effects in critically ill patients. To examine this issue, we measured hemodynamic and oxygen metabolism variables in ten critically ill patients. All patients were studied with PTs uninflated, after five minutes of PT inflation to 40 mm Hg, and five minutes after PT deflation. Significant increase in mean arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance, and pulmonary artery pressures were present after PT inflation. No significant changes in cardiac index, stroke index, arterial or mixed venous blood gas values, or oxygen delivery were found. There was a downward trend in Vo2 that was on the border of statistical significance. Regression analysis of cardiorespiratory variables on blood volume demonstrated no physiologic effects of external counterpressure in hypovolemic, hypervolemic, or normovolemic patients. We concluded that PT inflation increases BP through its effects on peripheral resistance. No significant autotransfusion effect was present, and there was a suggestive impairment in oxygen metabolism.

(Arch Surg 1984;119:912-916)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();