• Subclavian and axillary artery occlusive disease resulted in sufficient upper extremity symptoms to necessitate 30 vascular reconstructions in 28 patients over the past ten years. Female patients predominated, with a ratio of 2.5:1. The average age of the patients was 61 years. The incidence of diabetes mellitus was low (7%). Sixteen of 18 proximal subclavian lesions were on the left side, while more distal lesions were equally distributed on the left and right. Extrathoracic bypasses were used in all cases. Dacron grafts were used in 16 of 17 carotid-subclavian bypasses. Autogenous vein grafts were used in 11 of 13 bypasses to the axillary or brachial artery. Concomitant cervicodorsal sympathectomy was done in only four patients. The in-hospital graft patency rate was 93% and the long-term graft patency rate at one year and beyond was 88%.
(Arch Surg 1984;119:1277-1282)