• Disorders of the epiploic appendages are rarely diagnosed preoperatively and usually result from torsion with subsequent infarction. No diagnostic test or clinical symptoms are pathognomonic of this process, which is a disease of middle age and rarely life-threatening, and the most common preoperative diagnosis is acute appendicitis. An analysis of case information reported in the surgical literature has been combined with our recent experience involving ten cases. Fifty-eight percent of the patients in this collected series were male, and the average age in both sexes was 42 years. The sigmoid colon was the most frequent site of these disorders (41.5%), and acute appendicitis was the most common preoperative diagnosis (37.7%). The treatment is ligation, excision, and occasionally seromuscular inversion. When encountered at exploration, this entity may represent the sole etiology of the abdominal pain if exploration is otherwise negative.
(Arch Surg 1985;120:1167-1172)