0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 67.202.4.225. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
ARTICLE |

Effects of Environment on Infection in Burn Patients

Khan Z. Shirani, MC; Albert T. McManus, PhD; George M. Vaughan, MC; William F. McManus, MC; Basil A. Pruitt Jr, MC; Arthur D. Mason Jr, MD
Arch Surg. 1986;121(1):31-36. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1986.01400010037003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Burn patients in an early cohort (n =173) treated in an intensive care ward without separate enclosures were compared with a later cohort (n = 213) treated in a renovated unit with separate bed enclosures. The number of patients developing infection was significantly reduced in the late group. Observed mortality was compared with mortality predicted on the basis of burn size and age alone. Reduction in observed compared with predicted mortality, inapparent in the early group, was seen in the late group and was restricted to the subgroup of patients with predicted mortality of 25% to 75%, in which the observed mortality of 28.3% was less than the predicted mortality of 48.7%. The incidence of infected patients was reduced from 58.1% in the early cohort to 30.4% in the late cohort. In comparison of the early cohort with the late cohort, the overall proportion of patients with bacteremia was reduced from 20.1% to 9.4%, while the incidences of both pneumonia and burn wound invasion remained unchanged. Providencia and Pseudomonas species, endemic in the early cohort, were eliminated in the late cohort. Reduction of infection by environmental manipulation in burn patients was possible and was associated with improved survival.

(Arch Surg 1986;121:31-36)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();