We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Effects of Perioperative Fluorouracil Administration on Convalescence and Wound Healing

Joseph M. Klausner, MD; Shlomo Lelcuk, MD; Moshe Inbar, MD; Ronald Rozin, MD
Arch Surg. 1986;121(2):239-242. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1986.01400020125017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Administration of chemotherapy is delayed by most clinicians until complete recovery from surgery because it is generally feared that cytotoxic drugs impair wound healing, reduce resistance against infection, and may hinder the recovery process. However, clinical experience is lacking. This clinical study examines the effect of perioperative administration of fluorouracil on the healing of wounds and intestinal anastomoses and the recovery process in general. Forty patients with advanced gastrointestinal tract cancers entered the study. Intravenous bolus administration of 0.5 g of fluorouracil was started during surgery. The patients underwent a variety of abdominal operations for palliation or cure. A total of 22 gastric and enteric anastomoses were performed. One half gram of fluorouracil diluted in 150 mL of 5% glucose solution was given intravenously over one hour daily for ten days postoperatively. The patients were carefully evaluated for any alteration in the postoperative recovery. Thirty-eight of the 40 patients received the full course of fluorouracil. Twenty-one patients had an uneventful postoperative course. Eighteen had mild to moderate respiratory and cardiovascular complications unrelated to fluorouracil administration. One patient died of pulmonary emboli 16 days after abdominoperineal resection. Surgical wounds healed without complications in 37 patients. One case of wound disruption occurred after sigmoidectomy. Two patients developed wound infections that healed secondarily. All 22 patients with anastomoses recovered without any evidence of leakage. Colostomies and gastrostomies functioned as anticipated. Side effects attributed to fluorouracil appeared in seven of the patients; in only two of the patients were complications life-threatening, involving bone marrow depression. All patients recovered after discontinuation of fluorouracil therapy and with supportive treatment. On the whole, the course of recovery of this group was no different than expected from patients with advanced malignant neoplasms who were undergoing extensive surgery. Based on this study, it seems that fluorouracil administration during and immediately after surgery has no deleterious effect on wound healing and recovery.

(Arch Surg 1986;121:239-242)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.