• Although total proctocolectomy with permanent ileostomy is regarded as the definitive therapy for ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis, psychologic and physical complications with this operation have stimulated the development of the operation of total abdominal colectomy, mucosal proctectomy, ileal reservoir, and ileoanal anastomosis as an alternative surgical procedure. Since 1980, 104 of these operative procedures have been completed with no operative mortality; experience has been gained with both the J- and S-type reservoirs. Despite an appreciable number of postoperative complications, satisfactory function of the reservoir has been achieved in 86 of 91 patients followed up for at least three months after closure of the ileostomy. The remaining five patients have required reinstitution of fecal diversion. Functional results have not differed between two-limbed and three-limbed reservoirs. This operation must be considered a viable alternative in patients with ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis.
(Arch Surg 1986;121:404-409)