• A series of 55 patients with perianal fistulas and Crohn's disease is reported herein. Thirteen patients (24%) did not need specific treatment of the fistula. Primary proctectomy was necessary in five patients. Defunctioning enterostomy was used in nine patients, followed by healing of the fistula in four patients. Local surgery of the fistula was performed in 28 patients, with an overall success rate of 79%. Healing of the fistula was not influenced by activity of the disease, type of fistula, or condition of the rectum. Local surgery did not cause incontinence in this series.
(Arch Surg 1986;121:1187-1190)