We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Effect of Preoperative Internal and External Biliary Drainage on Mortality of Jaundiced Rats

Dirk J. Gouma, MD; Julio C. U. Coelho, MD, PhD; Jerry F. Schlegel; Yong F. Li, MD; Frank G. Moody, MD
Arch Surg. 1987;122(6):731-734. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1987.01400180113022.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Mortality following abdominal infection induced by cecal ligation and puncture was studied in rats with obstructive jaundice and after relief of the obstruction by preoperative internal or external biliary drainage. Four groups of adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used: (1) common bile duct ligation (BDL), (2) BDL followed by internal drainage after two weeks, (3) BDL followed by external drainage after two weeks, and (4) sham operation. The serum bilirubin concentration was significantly increased in the BDL group and returned to normal following internal and external drainage. Mortality in the sham group was 16.5% and increased to 83.3% following BDL, but it decreased significantly (25%) to near-normal values after preoperative internal drainage. However, after external drainage no significant reduction in mortality (63%) was found. These findings confirm the poor results of preoperative external drainage in previous studies and establish the efficacy of internal biliary drainage in a well-controlled experimental model that has to be evaluated in the clinical situation.

(Arch Surg 1987;122:731-734)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.