We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Impact of Delayed Surgery on Radiotherapy Dose and Local Control of Rhabdomyosarcoma

Erlinda Etcubanas, MD; Bhaskar N. Rao, MD; Larry E. Kun, MD; Marc E. Horowitz, MD; David M. Parham, MD; H. Omar Hustu, MD; Alexander A. Green, MD
Arch Surg. 1987;122(12):1451-1454. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1987.01400240099018.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• To determine if delayed surgery permits the modification of radiotherapy dose while maintaining local control in children with localized, unresectable rhabdomyosarcoma, a prospective study was launched in 1981 to test this objective. Treatment consisted of 16 weeks of preoperative chemotherapy, with or without delayed surgery, and radiotherapy using 35 to 40 Gy (3500 to 4000 rad) for microscopic and 50 to 55 Gy (5000 to 5500 rad) for gross residual tumor, plus 14 months of chemotherapy. Among 22 patients treated, surgery was feasible in 11 of 14 patients with residual tumor after chemotherapy and was performed in eight (avoiding radical surgery in three), leaving microscopic (seven patients) or gross residual (one patient) tumor. Progressive disease or amputation precluded radiotherapy in two patients. After radiotherapy local control was sustained in 12 of 14 patients with microscopic lesions vs none of six patients with gross tumor. Delayed surgery may permit the use of lower-dose radiotherapy and should be considered in the treatment plan for this subset of patients.

(Arch Surg 1987;122:1451-1454)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.