• Fluid resuscitation is complicated in hypotensive septic patients by their susceptibility to pulmonary edema. This problem was evaluated in the ovine model of endotoxemia with a chronic lung lymph fistula. Escherichia coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, 1.5 μg/kg) was given intravenously over 30 minutes. Group M (n=9) continued to receive baseline fluids (2 mL/kg/h), while group R (n=6) received 7 mL/kg/h of Ringer's lactate. After an initial drop in cardiac index, animals in both groups developed a hyperdynamic state. The fall in mean arterial pressure seen in group M was absent from group R. The higher fluid volume resulted in a rise in left atrial pressure and pulmonary microvascular pressure. The lung lymph flow and permeability index were elevated in both groups but were higher in group R. The calculated filtration coefficient showed a threefold increase in both groups. Augmented fluid resuscitation during endotoxemia resulted in an elevated interstitial fluid flux and permeability index secondary to an increase in pulmonary microvascular pressure and greater surface area of the injured microvascular beds being perfused.
(Arch Surg 1988;123:345-350)