We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Pulmonary Microvascular Changes Following Fluid Resuscitation in an Ovine Model of Endotoxemia

Hans J. Lubbesmeyer, MD; Ryozo Kimura, MD; James P. Maguire, MD; Mike Irei, MD; Lillian D. Traber, RN; Daniel L. Traber, PhD; David N. Herndon, MD
Arch Surg. 1988;123(3):345-350. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1988.01400270079012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Fluid resuscitation is complicated in hypotensive septic patients by their susceptibility to pulmonary edema. This problem was evaluated in the ovine model of endotoxemia with a chronic lung lymph fistula. Escherichia coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, 1.5 μg/kg) was given intravenously over 30 minutes. Group M (n=9) continued to receive baseline fluids (2 mL/kg/h), while group R (n=6) received 7 mL/kg/h of Ringer's lactate. After an initial drop in cardiac index, animals in both groups developed a hyperdynamic state. The fall in mean arterial pressure seen in group M was absent from group R. The higher fluid volume resulted in a rise in left atrial pressure and pulmonary microvascular pressure. The lung lymph flow and permeability index were elevated in both groups but were higher in group R. The calculated filtration coefficient showed a threefold increase in both groups. Augmented fluid resuscitation during endotoxemia resulted in an elevated interstitial fluid flux and permeability index secondary to an increase in pulmonary microvascular pressure and greater surface area of the injured microvascular beds being perfused.

(Arch Surg 1988;123:345-350)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.